1. Characterize the three specific factors you believe are most important for a basic understanding of each of the following “special populations”.  Be sure to justify your choices using only about 150 words for each:
    1. Clients with Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorders and Other Psychiatric Disorders
    2. Minority populations
    3. Older adults
    4. Clients with HIV/AIDS
    5. Women
    6. Adolescents
  1. Compare and contrast Individual Psychodynamic Psychotherapy with Cognitive Therapy.  What are the strengths and weaknesses of each approach?  Are there specific clients for whom one model might be more or less appropriate?
  1. Part I:  Discuss, in terms a layperson could understand, how psychopharmacological treatments for substance use disorders work, in general, for (a) acute withdrawal and (b) chronic maintenance.  Part II:  Choosing two specific substances of abuse, discuss the specific psychopharmacological interventions available as treatment.
  1. In considering the use of Self-Help and 12-Step group therapy for substance use disorders, discuss the pros and cons of these types of interventions.  What factors – of the groups themselves or of the clients – might influence treatment outcomes?  Last, what concerns might a clinician have in referring a client to this type of treatment?
  1. Evaluate the current state of the field with regard to treatment matching approaches.  Where do we stand after two decades of work in this area?  Do our current findings justify continued research in this area?

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