1. 1)  Be able o describe the stages of language acquisition, and the ages at which normally developing children tend to pass through them:
    • Babbling Stage
    • 1-word stage (Holophrastic)
    • 2-word stage
    • telegraphic stage: 2 years -2.5
    • approaching adult-like: 2.5
  2. 2)  Production always lags behind comprehension.
  3. 3)  Chomsky vs. Skinner, or the nature vs. nurture controversy
  4. 4)  Pidgins, creoles

Chapter 9: SEMANTICS

  1. 1)  Lexical semantics: synonymy, antonymy (including its types), hyponymy, homonymy, polysemy, lexical ambiguity—be able to define each and give examples
  2. 2)  Semantic shifts: narrowing, broadening, amelioration and pejoration. Be able to explain each and give examples
  3. 3)  Semantic features

Chapter 10: Pragmatics

  1. 1)  Define sentence meaning and utterance meaning
  2. 2)  Define speech acts, direct and indirect speech acts
  3. 3)  Conversational rules—four maxims, implicatures and flouting of maxims
  4. 4)  What do we understand by Positive and Negative politeness?
  5. 5)  Be able to explain Sapir Whorf hypothesis and linguistic relativity; be able to give


Chapter 11: The Early Story

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