Social scientists who study human behavior have developed theories that attempt to explain what drives an individual’s choices as well as what environmental factors influence individual human behavior and how they influence it. One theory on human behavior you may be aware of is Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Maslow (as cited in Zastrow & Kirst-Ashman, 2016, p. 505-507) stated that individuals first strive to fulfill their basic physical needs. Then, the individuals, as long as they are successful at each stage, continue through a hierarchy of needs, obtaining each until they reach the self-actualization stage of self-fulfillment. For this week’s assignment, you focus on another theory of human behavior—Glasser’s choice theory.
To prepare for this Assignment, consider what you learned about choice theory in this week’s resources as well as what you learned about the person and environment as it relates to young and middle adulthood.
Submit a 2 – 3 page paper that answers the following questions:
- How does choice theory explain the human behavior of individuals in the young and middle adulthood phases of the life span?
- How might you, as a social worker, incorporate components of the choice theory into your work with individuals in the young and middle adulthood phase of the life span?
- Do the human needs that Glasser identifies in his choice theory reflect the experience of individuals across cultures? Why or why not?