Risk Factors and Treatment of Anemia

Risk Factors and Treatment of Anemia In order for our bodies to function properly varies systems must come together. When the body isn’t producing enough red blood cells to transport oxygen through the body, one will feel week and exhausted. This condition is called anemia (Anemia, 2019). There are various types of anemia, one specifically that is caused by its own body destruction is called pernicious anemia. Pernicious anemia is a condition in which one’s blood has less than normal red blood cells. This is caused by the insufficient or lack of a vitamin B12. The lack B12 causes an abnormally large red blood cell that is unable to penetrate into bone marrow, thus causing weakness and exhaustion. The malabsorption of B12 is caused by the body’s lack of the intrinsic factor. The intrinsic factor is a protein; made by the stomach, it aids in the absorption of vitamin B12. The lack of intrinsic factor be caused by an autoimmune response or if a large portion of the stomach is missing. The autoimmune response occurs when the body attacks itself, in the case the parietal cells are attacked. The parietal cells coat the stomach that produce the intrinsic factor, after the attack the intrinsic factor is gone, leading to the lack of B12 absorption. Risk factors that can lead to pernicious anemia are genetics, surgical removal of a portion of the stomach or small intestine, a history of autoimmune disease; such as diabetes or Grave’s disease, intestinal diseases such as; Chron’s disease, medications and the lack of a proper diet. The treatment for pernicious anemia is simple. It is done by replenishing one’s vitamin B12 supply, by ingesting or injecting a B12 supplement (Pernicious anemia, n.d.). References Anemia. (2019, August 16). Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20351360

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