Why is a code of ethics important? Give at least two reasons.

Explain why it can be problematic to base morality and ethics only on religion.

List one “archetype for grown ups” and explain the kind of moral lesson it tends to explore.

What is ethical relativism? What is one criticism of this outlook?

Briefly define utilitarianism and name one criticism of this philosophy.

In your own words, explain the concept of universalism. What is the difference between soft and hard universalism?

What is psychological egoism? Why is this approach attractive to some?

Define social contract theory. What does it attempt to explain?

Define a moral agent. Why is this concept important in issues of rights and responsibilities?

What are two arguments against cloning?

Name and assess one argument in favor of embryonic stem cell research.

What are negative rights?

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